Malkovich – second order cybernetics

On thinking of Von Foerster’s reflexivity theory, the idea that “the observer of systems can himself be constituted as a system to be observed” (Hayles, 1999) I am forced to re-consider the full potential and impact that observance [and by default, participation] may have had upon the ethnographic study carried out earlier in this module. This is sitting in a new light. The ethnographer viewed not simply as a bystander, witness, account taker but “as a system to be observed”.

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