Georg Simmel & Kant, Subject & Object

“Kant could propose and answer the fundamental question of his philosophy, How is nature possible?, only because for him nature was nothing but the representation (Vorstellung) of nature. This does not mean merely that “the world is my representation,” that we thus can speak of nature only so far as it is a content of our consciousness, but that what we call nature is a special way in which our intellect assembles, orders, and forms the sense-perceptions.”
(How is Society Possible? American Journal of Sociology, vol. 16, 1910-11)

These “given” perceptions, of color, taste, tone, temperature, resistance, smell, which in the accidental sequence of subjective experience course through our consciousness, are in and of themselves not yet “nature;” but they become “nature” through the activity of the mind, which combines them into objects and series of objects, into substances and attributes and into causal coherences. As the elements of the world are given to us immediately, there does not exist among them, according to Kant, that coherence (Verbindung) which alone can make out of them the intelligible regular (gesetzmassig) unity of nature; or rather, which signifies precisely the being-nature (Natur-Sein) of those in themselves incoherently and irregularly emerging world-fragments.
(How is Society Possible? American Journal of Sociology, vol. 16, 1910-11)

Thus the Kantian world-picture grows in the most peculiar reJection (Wiederspiel), Our sense-impressions are for this process purely subjective, since they depend upon the physico-psychical organization, which in other beings might be different, but they become “objects” since they are taken up by the forms of our intellect, and by these are fashioned into fixed regularities and into a coherent picture of “nature.” On the other hand, however, those perceptions are the real “given,” the unalterably accumulating content of the world and the assurance of an existence independent of ourselves, so that now those very intellectual formings of the same into objects, coherences, regularities, appear as subjective, as that which is brought to the situation by ourselves, in contrast with that which we have received from the externally existent – i.e., these formings appear as the functions of the intellect itself, which in themselves unchangeable, had constructed from another sense-material a nature with another content.
(How is Society Possible? American Journal of Sociology, vol. 16, 1910-11)

Rejection as a process of sorting… A fundamental process of intellect to cope with human perception, hence, the existence of nature (everything) and assurance of existence, coming from relationship between subjective and objective. Perception of object (as received), and existence, being represented by society within the existence of subjectivity with that society. Apparent; something that is understood, obvious, visible, and seeming real or true, but not necessarily so (a process of sorting, being subjective), and existent; having reality or existence, being present and being (“been objectified in the course of history” (Simmel), having agency relating to subjectivity), this being fundamental to the acquisition of knowledge.

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